Understanding the cannabis flowering phase can be tricky, but you can make this more natural with practice. Take your time to learn the basics and practice. This guide will teach you about cannabis flowering and describe the vital factors to consider so you can become a better grower. It will also go over each exciting milestone – harvesting, drying, and curing – and offer tips on how to make the most of this period to create potent buds and great yields.
The blooming stage is the time when the plant develops flowers or buds. Understanding the cannabis flowering process is critical for both novice and seasoned producers. It assists you in recognizing the indicators that your cannabis plants are about to blossom, allowing you to adapt your care routine accordingly.
Proper care is essential for boosting bud size, potency, and total production during this vital stage. You’ll be well-equipped to cultivate some wonderful cannabis if you understand the distinct stages of flowering, the specialized demands of your plants throughout this period, and ways to boost bud formation.
The blooming stage immediately follows the vegetative stage. During the vegetative stage, the cannabis plant develops swiftly and rapidly, acquiring much of its total height in the first few weeks of life. A lot happens at this moment. The vegetative stage is quick and productive, from the first few leaves poking their way above the earth to a gangly, thin cannabis plant. Vegetative development slows and finally stops as the plant enters the blooming stage since all energy is diverted into the formation of rich, sticky buds.
Cannabis flowering is triggered by a hormonal plant reaction initiated by an increase in the length of its dark cycle. The flowering phase is induced by giving your cannabis plants at least 12 hours per day of complete darkness.
When the light cycle provides cannabis plants with longer hours of uninterrupted darkness, they enter the flowering stage. The plants will stop growing and instead put their energy into producing buds (flowers).
Contrary to popular belief, the cannabis blooming stage does not begin with the development of flowers. Flowering happens after a few weeks of growth. It has nothing to do with when you stimulate blooming. However, the cannabis blooming stage occurs when the plant detects a shift in light.
This is how it knows winter is on its way. Many individuals wrongly believe that this shift equals less light. An increase in the amount of continuous darkness assesses the shift. The plant will develop quickly when the strain’s darkness threshold is reached, increasing height and stretching. During the first two weeks of flowering, some weed plants may even double in height.
To initiate and maintain blooming, expose your cannabis plants to a consistent 12/12 light cycle. This implies they have 12 hours of light and 12 hours of darkness daily. Use a HID light in the yellow or red spectrum for optimal output. Using this type of light will guarantee that your plants receive the optimal quantity of high-quality light. However, full-spectrum LED sets compete with these HID systems and provide comparable outcomes. You definitely won’t have this much control if you’re growing outside. As a result, ensure that your cannabis plants receive as much regular sunshine as possible. Furthermore, ensure they are positioned so the light evenly hits all plant sections.
Though not required, it is ideal to lower your grow room’s day and night temperatures by roughly 2-3°C. This further mimics the transition from summer to fall that you attempt to convey with the change in light hours. Simpler growth may not be able to fine-tune temperature to such an extent. If this is the case, don’t worry; it won’t make a big impact. However, if you can make all of these minor adjustments, it can positively impact your harvest.
Once the buds develop, the humidity in the growing environment should always be at most 50%. If this happens, it produces an ideal setting for bud rot. Furthermore, with this much moisture in the air, droplets on the ceiling are significantly more likely to develop, which might leak onto electrics and produce potentially disastrous difficulties. During this stage, you should strive for 40% RH.
Cannabis requires nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium to thrive. During the blooming period, you’ll want to make sure your fertilizer is especially high in the latter two nutrients, as these are the ones cannabis plants need to produce buds. Nitrogen fertilizers should be cautiously used, especially after week 4 of blooming. Excess nitrogen can reduce plant resilience, attracting pests and diseases.
Consider using cal-mag additives sparingly since they have been shown to boost overall plant performance, particularly during the blooming stage. Again, don’t overdo it since this will result in nutrient burn. Remember to stop feeding 1-3 weeks before harvest to allow the cannabis plants to complete without having too many nutrients in their system.
Prune your weed plants throughout the second month of their blooming cycle. You should have finished any low-stress training, and your weed plants’ development patterns should have stabilized. Some producers might try to supercrop at this stage, but it is not recommended since many plants will need more time to recuperate from the stress. Although it is not required, some gardeners like to prune to maximize the vegetative development of their plants. This is because it saves the plant energy and ensures that most light and nutrients are directed to the most promising buds. In addition, you shouldn’t cut too many leaves since your plant won’t regrow many of them. You also need them to absorb light and keep flowers growing.
Here are some practices for preventing and managing pests and diseases during the flowering stage of cannabis cultivation:
Enhancing the aroma and flavor of cannabis during the flowering phase involves several factors:
Trichomes are the microscopic, crystal-like structures that coat cannabis plants’ buds and leaves. The cannabinoids and terpenes accountable for the plant’s effects and scent are found in these trichomes. The development of trichomes is a reliable approach for measuring harvest readiness. Examine the buds’ trichomes on the buds using a magnifying instrument, such as a jeweler’s loupe or a digital microscope.
The trichomes will seem transparent throughout the early stages of blossoming. The trichomes will turn milky white as the plant grows.
When it comes to harvesting, there are a few indicators to watch for. The strain you’re cultivating will decide when you may harvest, with a normal window of 7 days. With a few exceptions, the pistils normally turn orange as harvest approaches. This signifies that your plant is no longer producing new buds.
As the cannabinoid levels rise at this stage of the cannabis blooming cycle, the trichomes will change from clear to amber. During the cannabis flowering period, your plant is extremely sensitive. Watch your plants in the final few weeks to minimize bud rot and other problems. Your blossoming buds will grow heavy at this point, so make sure you have enough support.
Proper drying and curing are essential for keeping your weed plants’ flavor, fragrance, and potency. After harvesting, hang the branches in a dark, cool, well-ventilated place for 7-14 days. Growers should ensure the humidity is at 50% and the temperature is between 15-21°C. Conversely, curing entails preserving the dried buds in airtight containers, like glass jars, for a few weeks. This method distributes the residual moisture uniformly and improves the weed’s overall quality and flavor.
Some of the most important parameters influencing the quality and durability of cannabis buds are:
Common mistakes during the cannabis flowering stage include:
Here are the best flowering stage tips for cannabis:
Cannabis plants are harvested using two methods: wet trimming and dry trimming. Both approaches have pros and disadvantages.
Knowing when to harvest cannabis is essential for producing potent buds. Combine your strain’s estimated blooming time with its visual characteristics. The indicators of flowering completion include brown, curled pistils and opaque clarity in trichomes. These characteristics ensure you collect buds with the maximum concentration of cannabinoids and terpenes.
Taylor is an indoor expert. Through their writing, they offer a masterclass on growing cannabis indoors, maintaining a productive growing environment, and guiding growers through all the stages of growth both indoors and outdoors. Combining multiple fields of expertise allows for Taylor to give in-depth insights into overall cannabis growing. About this Author