GROWER’S GLOSSARY – ALL THE TERMS RELATED TO CANNABIS CULTIVATION
Beginner growers frequently overlook the importance of understanding and employing proper cannabis terminology. In this glossary, you will find most of the slang and phrases used by cannabis cultivators and users.
“Twelve hours of light and darkness” is abbreviated as 12/12. This means that a dark period of at least 12 hours per day is required to pressure the cannabis into flowering.
“Eighteen hours of daylight and six of darkness” is abbreviated as 18/6. This means turning on your grow lights for 18 hours straight, then turning them off for the next 6 hours.
“24 hours of light, no darkness” is abbreviated as 24/0. This term means that your grow lights will be on for the entire day, with no dark time.
Aeroponics is a kind of hydroponic cannabis growing in which the plant’s roots are suspended in air and infused with the nutrient solution now and then.
Air circulation in the cultivating area is key to productive grow. Maintaining proper CO2 levels in your grow room requires air circulation.
Autoflowering seeds begin to mature and produce flowers/buds on their own, without the need for a modification in the light schedule.
The majority of nutrient companies sell “base nutrients,” which contain all of the minerals your plants require to reach harvest.
BHO stands for Butane Hash Oil. BHO is a highly potent cannabis concentrate created by dissolving the plant itself in Butane or some other, similar solvent. This dissolving results in a viscous, sticky oil.
Botrytis is a short phrase for “Botrytis Cinerea,” also known as bud rot. Bud rot is permanent.
A cannabis flower is referred to as a bud. Buds have a high concentration of cannabinoids, making them a preferred harvesting option.
The calyx of a flower is the foundation of where the flower starts to bud. They are coated in trichomes and come in various shapes on the cannabis plant.
Cannabidiol is one of the two most widely used cannabinoids.
Chlorophyll is the naturally occurring chemical compound that most plants produce. Chlorophyll is responsible for the plant’s green color and its ability to convert sunlight into usable energy.
Cotyledon is the first set of leaves produced by a cannabis plant to process sunlight. They are small, smooth and round.
After you have harvested and dried your bud, it’s time to cure it.
Increasing yields through strategic defoliation is a common practice among growers.
After you have harvested your plants, you’ll want to dry them as soon as possible.
They are the large leaves that grow just below the colas on the cannabis plant. The photosynthesis method focuses on the capture of light by the fan leaves.
Two genetically female plants were used to create feminized seeds.
The flowering cannabis phase of a plant’s lifecycle is when the plant produces fewer leaves and branches and focuses on producing flowers.
Flushing is the act of thoroughly soaking your plant’s growing medium with distilled water. The goal is to remove all nutrients from the system of the plant just before harvest.
The procedure of getting the first sprout to emerge from the seed is germination.
Guano is an organic fertilizer made from animal excrement, most commonly bats but also birds sometimes. Growing cannabis with bat guano offers a lot of benefits to growers as an organic superfood of sorts packed into a growing medium.
Harvesting cannabis entails cutting the buds from the plant to be dried.
High-Stress Training (HST)
High stress training is a cannabis plant training technique that looks to increase budding sites, and subsequently yields, by bending and tying down stems. HST is far more aggressive than LST as the stems must be bent almost perpendicular – this means that cannabis plants must be strong enough before attempting HST.
Hybrid are cannabis strains that have been crossbred with other strains.
Cannabis Indica is one of the most common types of cannabis.
Growers use the lollipopping technique to eliminate the smaller growth from the plant’s bottom few nodes.
LOW STRESS TRAINING (LST)
Low-stress training is a method of increasing plant yield by bending and tying down stems. Lower branches will receive more light and will be able to produce colas as a result.
Macronutrients are the essential nutrients for all plants to thrive. Nitrogen, Phosphorus, and Potassium are the macronutrients found in plants.
The material in which your cannabis plants develop. This can be anything from soil to coco coir, living soil to water (hydroponics), and even air (aeroponics).
Micronutrients are essential for a plant’s vigor and health but not their basic survival. Calcium, Zinc, Sulfur, Manganese, Copper, Magnesium and Boron are some of the micronutrients found in plants.
NPK is a term commonly used to describe the combination of Nitrogen (N), Phosphorus (P) and Potassium (K) – all of which are the most essential nutrients, macronutrients, for cannabis plants.
PAR stands for photosynthetically active radiation and, while that may sound extremely complicated, it’s actually quite straightforward. PAR for cannabis is the range of light wavelengths that plants need to undergo photosynthesis. This essentially means that different color spectrums are required for different processes.
The pH scale determines whether a liquid is acidic or alkaline.
A cannabis plant requires a period of darkness before entering the flowering phase. Photoperiod plants are light sensitive and therefore require amounts of light to grow and dark to sleep and reserve energy.
The procedure by which cannabis plants convert sunlight into energy is known as photosynthesis.
Pollination takes place when pollen from a male plant fertilizes the ovules of a female plant.
Potassium is one of the most essential cannabis nutrients, a macronutrient responsible for a lot of plant growth. Out of all the cannabis deficiencies you definitely do not want potassium deficiency in cannabis plants.
Trimming, also known as pruning, is the act of extracting pieces from a plant to boost its survivability or yield.
Regular seeds (regs)
Ruderalis is a hemp plant that was crossed with traditional cannabis genetics to produce autoflowering strains.
Cannabis Sativa is a tropical annual cannabis plant that grows near the equator in warm climates. Sativa plants are famous for their tall stature and thin leaves.
The small leaves found in the plant’s colas are known as sugar leaves. They have trichomes on them.
Super cropping is a high-stress training technique that involves hurting the plant, or causing it to stress, intentionally to promote fuller and bushier growth.
Naturally present chemicals that give cannabis plants their distinct smells and flavors.
Cutting off the top of a cannabis stem is known as topping cannabis plants. This compels a cannabis plant to grow in a relatively flat and more controllable shape.
Trichomes are the transparent, hair-like bulbs covering the cannabis plant’s leaf, stem, and calyxes. Trichomes are resin glands that produce terpenes and cannabinoids such as CBD.
The vegetative stage of cannabis in the lifecycle of a cannabis plant is when it is producing plant volume but no blossoms or buds.
Vermiculite is a natural mineral frequently combined with another growing medium to strengthen a hydroponic system. It is light and airy.
The amount of cannabis harvested in a single grow is referred to as the yield