Most producers want to increase plant output, but it’s vital to realize that it’s not just about the strain they cultivate. There are several factors, from light intensity and CO2 concentration to correct plant training, that influence how much weed a plant yields. Furthermore, the location of cannabis cultivation, whether in a cannabis tent or a grow room, in soil or hydroponically, might influence cannabis productivity. This article will look at some of the elements that influence cannabis productivity, how much you can harvest from one plant, and maximizing your bud harvest.
Many factors at play will ultimately dictate the quality of your harvest, including:
Your cannabis plants’ output is heavily influenced by genetics. Sativa-dominant hybrids are the most generous plants, while certain Indica-dominant strains may defy this idea. For instance, Lemon Skunk is well-known for being a tall, skinny variety with large yields. Blue Dream and Chemdawg are two other strains with exceptional yields. It is also feasible to do a generic search for high-yielding cannabis seeds – you can purchase them from Premium Cultivars, your go-to seed bank!
It takes around 16-20 weeks for an indoor cannabis plant to mature and be harvested by the grower. Light deprivation is a technique used by experienced growers to push the plant towards the blooming stage. This approach shortens the period spent in the vegetative state by two to three weeks without interfering with the creation of buds. However, impatience is a farmer’s worst enemy since it causes early harvests. This is frequent at the end of September and early October when outdoor farmers prepare for harvest. Some farmers who began late in the season may feel left out and collect undeveloped harvests.
The amount of light received by a plant varies greatly. It all relies on where a plant is positioned to obtain the most light throughout the season when growing outside. Weed plants require at least six hours of direct sunshine every day. It can influence yields if a plant is shaded or becomes shaded as the light changes throughout the season. Indoors, it is determined by the intensity of the light. A modest 200W LED is perfect for a little grow tent, but you’ll require something larger for an increased space, which means a more expensive light.
Note: Ensure to prune your plants to eliminate dead leaves, buds, and branches that will not form large buds. Clearing away plant debris will allow the quality buds to receive more light.
Plants must be nourished! A plant cannot generate stunning buds if it lacks adequate nutrients. However, stay moderate with your feeding. A surplus of fertilizer will result in a nutrient lockout. This occurs when nitrogen levels in the soil get so high that they obstruct root food intake. Keep in mind that autoflowering strains require fewer nutrients. You might want to start a little lower than suggested and see how they do.
The vegetative stage of development influences the eventual size of a weed plant. Once it begins to blossom, the energy is directed upwards and outwards to generate buds. Generally, the longer a plant vegetates, the higher the output. You can’t control the duration of this stage with autoflower cannabis strains, but you can make each day of vegging count.
Conversely, photoperiod plants blossom when you tell them to (when you move to a 12/12 light cycle). They are usually allowed between 2 weeks and two months to veg. Furthermore, plants will only begin blossoming outside when they perceive fall is approaching. You are recommended to grow them immediately to get the most out of them, as they will continue to develop throughout the spring and summer.
Light levels are one of many environmental components to take into account; however, cannabis plants prefer optimum temperature and humidity. Sativa strains are quite fragile and like warm, dry surroundings. Choose more robust Indica-dominant hybrids if you’re growing outdoors. On the same point, these strains are likely to complete earlier in the year, which is advantageous as you travel north. Indoors, you have complete control over all of the variables. You can fine-tune it if you have a tent and a ventilation system. Even if you only have a room, there are several ways to keep control, particularly over temperature.
Training strategies can significantly increase your ultimate production. Most are employed inside; however, trellising and low-stress training (LST) can also boost outdoor yields. SOG, ScrOG, topping, defoliation, and high-stress training are all possible alternatives inside. Though each is unique, they all have the same basic goal: to maximize light exposure at the bud locations. Your degree of ability, available space, available time, and the type of plant you desire will all influence which, if any, of these strategies you choose.
Note: Most gardeners avoid topping their autoflowering plants since they need more time to recuperate before flowering.
Nutrient levels vary amongst soils, and some nutrients can encourage plant maturity. You can also add nutrients to the soil or water to help your cannabis plants grow big and robust. Furthermore, while growing in pots, the size of the container or the amount of soil available to the plant’s roots will influence the plant’s development. Growing plants in too tiny pots will hinder their development. Growing directly in the ground will offer your plant’s roots plenty of room, but depending on the soil quality, you may need to add fertilizers.
A hydroponic system can boost yield by up to 20%. This is related to improved nutrient absorption. Using air stones to oxygenate the water makes nutrients more available for root uptake. Making a chart to track your daily water and nutrient ppm consumption is a good idea.
End consumers and product makers want dry yield for edibles, pre-rolls, and solventless concentrates. Due to the loss in chlorophyll that occurs throughout the drying step, dried buds gain more strength and taste better. However, wet yield is susceptible to powdery mildew infections.
There are various strategies for increasing cannabis yields, and one common one is to use hydroponics for weed growth, which is said to provide larger yields than soil-grown approaches. Proper plant training and pruning procedures are also important. Training and pruning aren’t just for looks; they’re also strategic ways of gardening that allow you to influence your plants to your benefit.
You may establish an even canopy, increase light penetration, and stimulate the production of many colas by carefully pruning, bending, tying, and controlling the growth of your cannabis plants. The results? A greater yield, more bud density, and better overall quality. To achieve the greatest results while harvesting cannabis, you can’t rely exclusively on genetics or luck. The following several strategies can be used to increase cannabis yield:
Under ideal conditions, you can anticipate a return of:
You’ll have more buds than you know what to do with no matter how big your cannabis plant gets. Many cannabis users will save a percentage of their buds for smoking while keeping the rest for edibles, extracts, and other cannabis products.
Increased yields result from expanding the size of the pot. Cannabis plants require a large amount of space to grow because of their deep roots. Use a large pot if you’re cultivating cannabis. This can cause the cannabis plant to become root-bound and die.
Yes, developed buds on the plant’s top can be trimmed, as can branches and leaves. This will allow more sunshine to reach the plant’s roots. However, the bottom buds will continue to develop and mature until they are ready for harvesting a week or two later.
Estimating a cannabis grow operation’s production may be both a science and an art. While a farmer can make educated decisions based on knowledge and preparation, extraneous circumstances can always influence the ultimate product. Nonetheless, a cannabis farmer may boost their chances of generating a huge crop with careful preparation and attention to detail. Don’t be disheartened by the unpredictability of cannabis production, whether you’re a seasoned grower or just starting. Accept the challenge and look forward to a fruitful and satisfying harvest!
Marcus is a relative newcomer to the cannabis world. Though it may seem that his youth wouldn’t allow for a wealth of knowledge, this is untrue. Marcus Smith has close relationships with many cannabis breeders and grow owners which have allowed him to sample the best cannabis across the US and beyond while also gaining valuable insight into how different strains grow and develop. About this Author